The construction of a new round of oil and gas pipelines was accelerated
2025 will be 240,000 kilometers, encouraging social capital investment projects and setting up international cooperation funds
On July 12, the national development and reform commission and national energy bureau issued by the long-term oil and gas pipeline network planning, put forward to 2025, the scale of China's oil and gas pipeline will amount to 240000 kilometers, the national provincial all connected, refined oil, natural gas trunk pipeline network of more than 1 million population city pipeline basic access, more than 500000 population of city gas pipeline basic access. We need to accelerate the construction of a new round of oil and gas pipeline network.
It is worth noting that the oil and gas system reform scheme has been issued, under this, the innovation of oil and gas pipeline network investment and financing mechanism, and broaden the financing channels, and actively develop a mixed sector of the economy, encourage social capital investment in oil and gas pipeline projects, support all kinds of social main body according to the standards and planning, investment and construction of LNG receiving station, oil and gas reserve and other infrastructure. And encourage domestic and foreign social capital to establish oil and gas international cooperation fund.
In recent years, the basic infrastructure network of China's oil and gas pipeline network has been basically formed. At the end of 2015, the mileage of crude oil, refined oil and natural gas pipeline in China reached 27,000, 21,000 and 64,000 km respectively. At the same time, the resource entrance channel was initially formed, the northwest direction, the china-kazakhstan crude oil pipeline, the central Asia - China natural gas pipeline A, B, and C line were completed, and the d-line project was steadily advancing. The northeast direction, the china-russia crude oil pipeline was completed, the second line of china-russia crude oil pipeline and the china-russia east line natural gas pipeline project accelerated. In the southwest, the china-myanmar oil and gas pipeline has been completed. In the coastal area, the crude oil terminal involves the ability to meet the needs of the import and unloading, and the construction of 13 large liquefied natural gas LNG terminals. The oil and gas reserves and the emergency surge system have been initially established. At present, the underground storage gas storage capacity is 7.6 billion cubic meters, and the storage tank of the coastal LNG receiving station reaches 6.8 million cubic meters.
"But there are still some problems in terms of size, structure, layout, system and so on." According to the plan, the distance between China's oil and gas consumption and per unit land area is relatively large compared with that of developed countries, and the oil reserves and natural gas emergency surge capacity are insufficient. At the same time, in addition to import channels in northeast, northwest and southwest China, the pipeline has a small overall, low network level, and the development of the contact line and regional network is slower. In addition, the investment subject is less, the social capital into the difficult, facilities, independently interconnectivity need to further strengthen, fair access difficulties, the regional monopoly characteristics, the regulatory system is not sound.
"Advance and programming of oil and gas pipeline network infrastructure, to ensure energy security and stability of supply, reduce the economic operation cost, increase social investment, improve people's quality of life is of great significance." Zheng jian, deputy director of the basic industries division of the development and reform commission, said.
For this, "planning" is put forward, by 2020, the national oil and gas pipeline network scale up to 169000 km, including crude oil, refined oil, natural gas pipeline mileage is respectively 32000, 33000, 32000 kilometers, the transportation capacity. By 2025, crude oil, refined oil, natural gas pipeline mileage, 4, 37000 and 37000 km respectively, gradually realize the gas entering a store into the factory, the country town with a population of 550 million, natural gas natural gas in energy consumption structure the proportion about 12%.
It is understood that the future primary task is to expand the "area" import channels, strengthen the internal and external linkage, on land or sea, two-way open research planning new imports of oil and gas pipelines, start construction, to 2025 basic form the channel pattern of paying equal attention to "sea". The second task is to strengthen the natural gas pipeline infrastructure. In order to adapt to the new-type urbanization, the demand for natural gas needs to be widely distributed, multi-faceted and cross-regional and so on, so as to accelerate the construction of a new round of natural gas pipeline network. Overall consideration of natural gas and LNG "two markets", domestic and international "two resources", pipes and shipping "two ways", adhere to the "west to east gas pipeline, the gas south, air-sea landing" principle, to speed up the construction of gas pipeline network. By 2025, China will gradually form a national natural gas infrastructure network with "backbone and regional networks". In addition, optimize the network structure of oil pipeline. By 2025, the pipeline network of refined products will continue to increase, and the cross-region pipeline transportation system will be continuously improved, which will basically form the distribution of the oil transport channel of the "north oil south transport and coastal transport".