Near the end, the three major oil companies around reform USES a series of combination, including expanding the autonomy in operation of the company;Break up part of the business sector;We will deepen reform of the personnel, labor, distribution system;Promote the reform of the mixed ownership, etc.In the industry point of view, it is the result of lower oil prices and harsh external environment reversed transmission, is also a state-owned oil companies both accords with the trend of the domestic oil and gas system reform to adjust itself in advance.
The three major oil company reforms
As the nation's largest three oil giant, petrochina, sinopec and cnooc, used to be metaphors for slow "elephant", due to institutional reasons such as reform of steam.Also as a result, oil ring retired executives even ji "elephants don't reform will as dinosaurs".
But since the second half of this year, this a couple of "elephant" reform footsteps suddenly accelerated.
On Nov. 2, CNPC at its 13th meeting, comprehensively deepen reform leading group passed the equipment manufacturing enterprises "WuZi" management reform pilot framework plan and the Oriental geophysical autonomy in operation of the company to expand the pilot program, announced the autonomy in operation of the pilot to devolve to the equipment manufacturing enterprise, to expand the autonomy of operation pilot Oriental geophysical exploration.
On November 25, CNPC and was held in Beijing natural gas sales management system reform will mobilize the video, to mobilize the deployment gas sales management system reform.
On November 24, cnooc, as of the end of October, a total of 10 subsidiaries "reduce" task, a wholly-owned holding company quantity has decreased from 649 to 639;The unfinished 120 "reduce" enterprises, has entered the stage of scheme 44, 65 into the scheme designing stage, 10 has entered into the phase of research.
In addition, cnooc's safety technology service co., LTD., try to carry out the employee share dividends this year pilot, facing the social public hired professional managers.
On December 1, sinopec group management working conference held in Beijing reform, put forward reform goals include making management relations, to further improve corporate governance, focus on the perfection of the mechanism of industry development, strive to perfect the incentive and constraint mechanism, the concrete measures are: to promote the upstream business out of the woods;We will improve the mechanism of gas industrial chain development;We will improve the mechanism of refining industry chain development;To promote science and technology system reform;Actively promote the mixed ownership reform.
Lard internal reform at the end of the year in the industry point of view, three at the same time speed is not an accident, is a long-term low oil prices combined with external market environment change.
Influenced by continuous low oil prices, in the first three quarters of this year the three major oil company's upstream sector has overall losses.In the third quarter, according to oil net profit fell 94.4% year-on-year;Cnooc's revenues fell 15.2% year-on-year.
"Before the company has been urged the staff to do difficult days, lean, bitter days of preparation, with climbing over candy, rolling up the hill to describe the current state of lower oil prices."Daqing oilfield an official told the Shanghai newspaper reporters.
At the same time, the challenge from outside the system are more and more serious, many private oil companies began to use high pay from the state-owned enterprises.
Petrochina one insider told the Shanghai newspaper reporters, there's a strong western province of private oil companies to the company to dig, leave salary will start at the latter existing wage three times, and somebody else HR to get your payroll.
"In the past period of high oil prices, oil state compensation or controlled by the state-owned assets supervision and administration commission, a profit in three years in a row after standard to can increase 2% a year, but as long as one year after the achievement can not rise, not to drop. In contrast, private companies pay system is much more flexible."The source said.
Fate decided to enterprise reform
"Oil giant, internal reform, first of all, or in order to solve their own problems, after all, the industry is still in the cold winter. At the same time, this is also related to the trend of oil and gas system reform."China petroleum university (7.600, 0.04, 0.52%), vice President of the institute of business administration Dong Xiu Shanghai newspaper reporters in pairs.
He thinks that the reason of oil split gas sales and business is to cooperate with countries of natural gas pipeline business requires the separation of tube pin reform demands.
Previously, the industry of oil giant calls for a strong, fair and open middle pipe is issued by the national development and reform commission (NDRC) of the natural gas pipeline transportation price management approach (trial) "and" natural gas pipeline transportation pricing cost whose method (try out) ", the reform of natural gas pipeline transportation price mechanism.Oil in the gas sales branch established, represents a formal separation of natural gas sales and pipeline business start.
Mobilization in the reform of management system of natural gas sales video conference, CNPC vice general manager Mr. Xu said, promote the reform of natural gas sales management system, is a major measure for implement the central decision deployment, is to adapt to the urgent needs of the domestic gas market competition pattern change, is to realize the company strategic target of natural gas development request inevitably.
"As for the autonomy in operation of the equipment plate down, is actually from the centralized management to fully decentralization, to increase the subordinate enterprise vitality."Dong Xiu said: "sinopec to mix change sales plate is also one of the first purpose."
Before the general headquarters/departments, he said, "a pole", subordinate company don't have much autonomy state may not be flexible and efficient, reform is inevitable.
"As the oil change plan formally launched, estimated lard next year there will be three specific measures to promote reform."Dong Xiu said.
In fact, the two major oil companies, chairman of in different occasions has emphasized the urgency and importance of the reform.Chairman of sinopec yu-pu wang in his speech, said: "to deepen reform is the key to decide the fate of enterprise a recruit", "to let everybody understand the word 'reforms have pain, but I don't have long pain' truth, guides everybody understand reform, support reforms, in reform, stimulate the 'I want to reform the endogenous power".
Petrochina chairman wang yilin recently in an interview with the Shanghai newspaper reporter also said that state-owned enterprises will further intensify efforts to the reform of system and mechanism, the company will continue to do a good job of enterprise reform, with the reform to a low oil price environment.
"Petrochina to reform actively, it is only through reform to solve the deep-seated problems affecting the development of enterprises, to develop good company is very confident."Wang yilin said.