While oil prices are low, the major international oil storage are numerous and complicated "buy buy" "save save save", seize the opportunity to add to its strategic oil storage. Bloomberg reported that the first quarter of this year, 787000 barrels of oil every day transit used for strategic storage in our country. Although trying to oil storage in China, China university of petroleum, vice President of the institute of business administration xiu-cheng dong 10, according to the global times, now of the strategic oil storage in China planning comparison with Japan and other countries, and a large distance.
The United States: salt cave hidden oil advantage more
According to the dynamic information administration (EIA), the latest release of U.S. oil inventory data, as of February this year, the U.S. strategic petroleum storage reach 695.1 million barrels per day. Since this year, the strategic oil storage always located level in more than 695 million barrels a day.
The Wall Street journal quoted, according to data released by the U.S. government U.S. crude oil imports have 20 year low hit in early May 2015 rose by 20%, to 8 million barrels a day every day. According to the analysis, while the storage ability has been used to roughly two-thirds, but also can store 100 million barrels of oil at the mercy of.
America's national strategic storage oil storage in particular, the primary selection, storage methods of underground salt cavity. Included in a single oil depots in number ranged from 6 to 22. American oil storage contrast, have gathered in the primary storage in Texas and Louisiana five local, total storage ability of 750 million barrels.
Choose this method, selecting the address first because high safety. America's strategic oil storage in underground for more than 610 meters to 1200 meters giant salt cave, against any damage to people and war; Followed by transport convenience, these areas for oil through the Marine transportation line quickly arrived in the United States; The third is the processing facilities, storage address is America's leading oil production and processing base; Is ultimately storage cost is low, according to the calculation, the underground salt layer is coastal areas in the gulf of Mexico, use a deep well, and then water melting salt layers underground hole method of the oil storage, cost $1.5 a barrel.
Japan: the company is a duty
Japan as the world's third largest economy, natural resources are very scarce, basically rely on imports of oil. Thus, Japan about crude oil storage especially pay attention to.
According to Japan's oil and gas, metal mineral resources organization (hereinafter referred to as JOGMEC), Japan's oil storage is divided into national storage and the folk storage two big ways. National storage is the crown of a national work of the oil storage, with eight companies in Japan and 10 oil storage base; Folk storage is private oil companies according to the law of the oil storage is necessary, first is two private companies in Japan 2 oil base on storage.
Japan's national storage across Japan national oil storage base of 10 local as well as from private oil companies lease tank, storage about 47.82 million litres (297 million barrels) of crude oil. Japanese folk storage about 32.88 million litres (32.88 million barrels) of crude oil. Assume that Japan's oil imports are estimated to suspend, the crude oil to keep 197 days.
Because of Japan's land area is narrow and the frequent natural disasters contrast, thus Japan not only in the land the same building as the mainland national oil depot, but a variety of ways to store oil. For construction of underground cave depot or half underground storage tanks, and on the islands adjacent to the surface of the building offshore oil storage base and so on.
In our country: the third phase of project is built
Although have accelerated in our country's oil imports and storage, but now the primary subject to oil storage lack of talent. Chinese academy of social sciences institute of international economic and political power and industrial economic experts hosts on the global times, show that China's existing oil storage infrastructure in a "full" situation, as long as the new abilities satisfied need oil storage equipment.
Under the state council officially start the strategic oil storage solutions, in 2004 built in three periods of oil storage facilities. Scheme in 2020, equivalent to 100 days storage planning of net oil imports.
According to the national bureau of statistics data released, until mid - 2015, built a total of eight national oil storage base, a total storage capacity of 28.6 million cubic meters. Meantime, the ground base 7, separation is located in zhoushan, zhenhai, dalian, huangdao, dushanzi, lanzhou and tianjin; 1 underground library, is located in huangdao. Using the above storehouse and some social capacity, can store 26.1 million tonnes (190 million barrels) of crude.
Xiamen university, China's power policy of the institute for boqiang Lin told the global times, shows that now we have already had the equivalent of 50-60 days net imports of oil storage. Boqiang Lin said that oil is about national security, even high oil prices, will also be necessary to store. If our country can use the low oil prices, "specification will reserves up to 100 days, our country will be able to save $100 billion."