As everybody knows, oil as a kind of strategic stockpiles, the role of the countries of the world is beyond doubt, itself in the service of the national energy security, in order to ensure continuous supply of crude oil for the purpose, at the same time has the function of tame domestic oil prices abnormal fluctuations.
And strategic reserves of the main economic function is to market release moved to alleviate psychological pressure, thus reducing the possibility of rising oil prices, to reduce the degree of oil supply impact to the economy as a whole. Strategic reserves for oil importer is dealing with the oil supply shortage and set the first line of defense, but its real role is not to make up the loss of imports, which is to limit the rise in oil prices.
In addition, the strategic petroleum reserve and the following role: to adjust the economic growth mode, especially the way that energy consumption is to buy time. Can act as a deterrent effect, make the human does not have to supply shocks occur or occur frequently. In the Opec oil cartel alternate insurance on a "production" and "increase underpricing" policy, strategic reserves to make importers of economic and political stability, not affected by the artificial oil supply shocks
Thus, oil reserves on the importance of national strategy, Saudi Arabia's oil reserves, the world is known to all, but how many?
Where is the largest oil reserves? Where is the shortage of oil?
China's oil reserves, what level?
Oil production is used in petroleum, shell
Or more than exxon mobil?
In before you make a brief introduction of what is the IOC to get down to business, what is NOC.
International oil companies, the IOC (Internationaloilcompany)
IOC the private oil company, we know this kind of oil company exxon mobil (ExxonMobil), BP (BP), royal Dutch shell (RoyalDutchShell).
The state oil company, NOC (Nationaloilcompany)
NOC is we often say the state-owned enterprises. In addition to being widely known as the three barrels of oil, the world still has a lot of state-owned enterprises, such as Saudi aramco (SaudiAramco), Mexico's oil company (Pemex), venezuela's state oil company (PdVSA). In addition, some of the oil with the government taking a stake in state-owned enterprises, but the government did not directly participate in the management of company operations, such as Brazil's state oil company (Petrobras), Norway's national oil company (altogether).
NOCVSIOC, oil company, which is strong?
In your speech production inefficient state-owned enterprises, efficient international oil company, may I know about 58% of the world's oil actually come from the state oil company, have the following points you need to know.
First, the state oil company, Saudi aramco, national Iranian oil, oil output in the world in the first three.
Second, the international oil companies, exxon mobil, bp, royal Dutch shell oil output at the top of the world's top three. Among the world top 500 ranking, however, the three companies are ranked the top royal Dutch shell.
Third, petrochina's oil output is greater than any of the international oil companies in the world.
Fourth, no national oil companies in the United States, the country's oil output in the top three is exxonmobil, chevron, conocophillips.
Fifth, most of the national oil companies are distributed in the second and third world countries, each of the OPEC countries have at least one state oil company, Iran have N.
Sixth, the daily output of crude oil in 2014 about 93.2 million barrels a day, every day in the digital equivalent of 91 in changqing oilfield production.
Oil reserves which is strong
By the end of 2014, proven recoverable reserves of the world's oil technology is 1.7 trillion barrels, equivalent to 2328 in daqing oil field.
National oil company has 75% of the world's oil reserves of oil reserves (is the giant state-owned enterprises).
OPEC controls 73% of the world's proven oil reserves, 39% of the world's oil output from OPEC.
Not all OPEC countries in Middle East area, venezuela and Ecuador in South America, Indonesia in Asia in north Africa, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria and Angola in west Africa.