Dongfeng thawing, stirring the vegetation, the footsteps of spring had come.
For the oil market, low oil price shocks of the chill continues. On March 8, international oil prices after the first two trading session profit-taking, again dipped below $40 a barrel.
Perhaps this is the world's oil industry one of the most long winter. One and a half years, international oil prices fell, precipice six months or more than 70%, once fell below $30 a barrel earlier this year, a new low for 12 years, sound the alarm for the for the development of the whole of the oil industry, domestic three big oil companies' profits and the biggest drop in recent years.
The situation is very serious, unprecedented challenges. Only the eyes inward, hard skills. Recently, known as the upgrade of the group company "about continuing thoroughly carry out the work of open source throttling authors efficiency measures opinion" issued by the implementation. From "strong reform, and promote innovation, restructuring, investment, cost reduction, tight debt, inventory and asset light, loss and short board", put forward 12 36 measures, emphasize firmly hold $40 a barrel of oil price case "company as a whole is not loss, free cash flow is positive," the bottom line, efforts to achieve steady development.
Standing in the long term development of oil and gas industry and very serious, in contrast, under the real challenges of quality, and the efficiency measures of advice, is the new normal group company actively adapt to the economic development, accelerate the transformation and upgrading, enhance competitiveness and profitability of strategic choice, also is the implementation of the state-owned assets supervision and administration of central enterprises qualitative synergistic battle kick-off deployment, enlarge, optimal state, the important measures to support the steady and healthy development of national economy.
Cost control levels, return on investment level is a important standard enterprise management and business performance. Compared with big international oil companies, the company in terms of profit and management efficiency indicators there is still a certain gap. Return to oil commodity attribute, oil prices follow the rules of market and value, inevitably influenced by supply and demand, but the cost is controlled by the enterprise. Enterprises to achieve maximum profit method is roughly two kinds: let the cost down arrow, arrow up to benefit. Don't reduce the cost, benefit will be devoured. Adhere to low-cost development, the cost of extrusion foam, can enlarge benefit space.
For a long time, group company to deepen contends thought for a long time, will be guiding the reform and development of quality benefit concept. Faced with falling oil prices continued turbulence, in 2014 the implementation of open source throttling authors, increase ten aspects article 30 measures based on the 2015, follow the principle of inheritance, innovation, deepen and improve, has been clear about the specific measures 33 12 aspects, battle fought growth, benefit, labor costs for the first time for the whole year, "hard" in reducing investment, investment control, etc, has obtained the good effect. Practice has proved that as powerful fulcrum of quality benefit development, open source throttling, the authors work efficiency has huge potential.
One thing, what impact on people, the key depends on the attitude toward it. Low oil prices to the oil industry. No idea deep reform of the systems and mechanisms, quality, and the synergistic this battle will not be able to win.
The upgrade of the synergistic article 36 of the implementation of the quality, which fully reflects the group company face to face with oil cold winter, a great revolutionary measures, the severe challenge the confidence and determination. Mainly reflects in:
Scope is wide, from headquarters to all enterprises and institutions, each major plates, full, whole process, full coverage; Request more specific, from last year's "control investment" to "investment", this year debt from "stable" to "tight" debt, inventories from "low" to "to"... The surface is the change of the two words, is sending out the rich connotations. Both emphasize "synchronous" investment total quantity control and structure adjustment, or from operations to implement low inventory control to the "scientific verification inventory reasonable level", is undoubtedly on the current status of the enterprise "big but not strong" rethink, stress the shift from investment, elements drive to innovation; More determined efforts, in 2015 based on the key link, increase the reform of "strong, short board, promote the innovation" three key words, transmission group company leather disadvantages lixin, puzzles are determined to have real measures.
Through the mist around you, the low oil price from group company internal and external environment faced by analysis: the pattern of global energy supply and demand of profound changes, the oil market is from a seller's market to buyer's market, the supply of old and new power game, speed up new mining technology cluster is formed; Domestically, state-owned enterprises reform, system reform, the supply of oil and gas lateral structural reform puts forward higher requirements to oil companies; From the enterprise itself, dragged down by lower oil prices, corporate profits diving, extrusion cost, high risk, blowing cold chain conduction related industries.
Must be awake to see, changing oil prices, if we are going to enterprise development in the hope of oil prices reversed, apparently made a mistake the power direction to solve the problem. Calm analysis of the encounter, low oil prices may be contributing factor, "more oil in the oil price".
We shall be more than any time before profoundly realize that enterprise well pressed under high oil price boom, problems and contradictions in the development of bubble masked by high oil prices, the cost of rigid extensive growth, management inefficiency, lack ate the enterprise benefit, developing power comes when a low oil price shocks, the hidden problems and deficiencies "bottom", "water rock fall not out", even become a problem urgently to be cracked.
Some people say that oil prices into the era of "fall", oil companies into "boil" mode. This kind of negative attitude, very bad. Deal with the current severe challenges, winning quality, and the efficiency to be completed, can't simply hope that the "self-healing" brought by high oil price, more can't count on expedient, guns, to take the initiative to practice "winter" rather than negative "survive". Upgrade of the 36 measures, transmission group company based on long period development of the country in the world economy, adhere to the problem oriented and top design, seize the reversed transmission mechanism to the challenge, full power for the development of new kinetic energy.
Undoubtedly, the force direction and the strength of the master is particularly important. Article 36 in the reform of "strong" this link, both prominent "top-level design", and highlights the awareness of "chess" up and down; In the implementation of the central on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises and the major policy decisions such as oil and gas system reform, adhere to the problem oriented, highlight the "stability" and "quasi" and more accurate docking for steady development, the hope of worker masses, manifests the smooth and orderly promote the reform of enterprises and strong sense of orientation of various kinds of problem solving.
Open source throttling authors, increase the promote the implementation of article 36, involve wide, reorganization, how to advance in an orderly way, and achieve actual effect, testing the international oil companies to cope with the wisdom of complex difficulties and level.
The work to be very very much. To win the quality, and the efficiency to be completed, must with the wisdom of the reform and innovation, dare to dare to "break" of "vertical" extraordinary courage, with concentric 勠 force, for a long time for the will and endurance of work, with the quality scale speed drive spell with benefit, loss in cutbacks, governance, spend big strength on reform and innovation, transformation and upgrading, on the optimal allocation of resources integration, unreal, fight, contrarian to break.
Petroleum enterprise should be from the perspective of "value creation" reshape the oil and gas industry chain, consolidate advantages and supplement the short board, dig potential effect, stimulate vitality and efficiency. To increase and decrease, advance and retreat of the dialectical relations, not only is "add account", and speak strategy, preferring to do something. To speed up the implementation of innovation drive, realize from the drive to the innovation drive transition elements resources. Especially should respect and promote grassroots initiatives, perfect incentive mechanism, fully stimulate the innovation of the managers and staff passion and vitality, to the innovation and efficiency of the whole.
Pros and cons, like two sides of the same coin, never is. The grim development predicament, all staffs should be quickly unifying thinking and understanding to the group company's decision to deploy, layer upon layer pressure, strengthen the sense of crisis consciousness, suffering consciousness and responsibility. The more under the challenge, more positive factors, to see which contain the crisis into opportunities, for those routes. Units should actively make docking target task decomposition, from the amount of time, quantity, quality and other dimensions to translate "36" request for thin, with a more solid scientific style, more determined efforts, efforts to achieve steady development and "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" good start.