At present, the domestic economy faces growing shift stages, throes of structural adjustment and the stimulus digestion phase such as the serious situation of the third phase of superposition. 2016 is "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" the start of the implementation of China's petrochemical industry how to move forward in the challenge?
In a recent meeting of the China petroleum and chemical industry federation for the fourth time the general assembly and the oil and chemical industry project on BBS "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" development strategy, from the ministry of commerce, the ministry and the China petroleum and chemical industry association, director of the common depict the blueprint of future development.
Not in addition to the fundamental capacity contradiction
"Twelfth five-year" period, facing the complex situation at home and abroad, China's petrochemical industry to speed up transformation of development mode and structural adjustment, to further enhance its capability of energy security, and steadily push forward the readjustment of the industrial structure, scientific and technological innovation to a new level, effective energy saving and emission reduction, enterprise comprehensive strength significantly increased, foreign cooperation has made significant achievements.
China's petrochemical industry, however, excess capacity contradictions can't fundamentally ease, low-end industry and product structure, the homogeneity problem is still serious. Along with the further enhance the energy resources and environmental constraints, factor costs rise faster, the market demand growth is slowing, petrochemical industry is of great importance to improve innovation ability and marketing ability.
"Especially in the petrochemical industry in our country for a long time for high-end, insufficient recognition of differentiation of product development, and can meet the change of the consumer market, restricted the industry transformation and upgrading, and cause the whole industry serious overcapacity and the situation of large trade deficit." Experts point out that.
According to the China petroleum and chemical industry association statistics, China's petrochemical industry trade deficit as high as $281.99 billion. Imported 45.48 million tons of synthetic materials, the import amount accounted for 38.8% of the industry; Imported 40.982 million tons of organic chemical raw materials, imports account for 29.7% of the whole industry.
Supply ability is not strong, is the deep problems of China's petrochemical industry, not only in the quality of the products is low, but also on the supply side management mode of low efficiency and poor marketing service mode.
Establish petrochemical power development goals
Based on the current status quo, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, our country to shift from a big petrochemical petrochemical power. "Our country enterprise innovation ability compared with foreign advanced level gap is larger, the next step should consider how to change the basic raw materials, the primary chemical products product structure, boost the industry innovation ability." Experts say.
To optimize the supply structure, strive to improve supply ability is necessary. "Three major synthetic materials, for example, our country should focus on developing special synthetic resin and high melting brand; to prevent the styrene butadiene rubber, butadiene rubber in rubber products such as capacity of sprawl and at the same time, improve the high added value, green environmental protection rubber production ratio; improve the performance of the general level of fiber, the difference of focus on developing high value-added chemical fiber peacekeeping much fine materials." The expert points out.
In addition to the high value-added products, green chemical products and to focus on the developing direction of petrochemical enterprises. Green chemical products, not just the products in use process to achieve environmental protection, the production process should be green. Enterprises should set up the image of the green development, sets up "intrinsically safe" reputation, has a set of green development standards, measures and strict supervision and inspection.
Have three road hand in hand
2016 was "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" the start of the implementation, petrochemical industry must be prepared to start work, seize the pain points of the market, accelerate the strengthen innovation ability, and to meet actual effect on the economy.
From the demand side, the traditional industry to speed up the backward and speed up structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading; Strategic emerging industries to develop high-end market, differentiation market, efforts to foster a batch of competitive advantage and the technical characteristic of the new economic growth point.
"The New Year, we shall be in new energy, new chemical materials, fine chemical industry specialty chemicals, a breakthrough in modern coal chemical industry and energy saving and environmental protection industry." Expert points out, "to analyze the energy markets, agricultural markets, basic chemical raw materials, chemical new materials market, high-end specialty chemicals market, production equipment, environmental protection market, find new market demand growth."
From the supply side, enterprises should accelerate the construction of innovation platform, according to industry "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning major innovation, set up a batch of" production "of integrated industry innovation platform, eventually forming a number of typical innovation demonstration enterprises, set up the industry innovation and development, the benchmarking drive industry innovation and development.
"But no matter how to say, the transformation of the mode of development must be in the economic operation, in terms of quality to see results. Specific to complete three transformation - from the denotative development to improve technology and management innovation to drive the quality benefit of connotative development change; from extensive development to circular economy dominated by energy conservation, environmental protection and green development change; from a manufacturing development to provide the goal of" product + services "service system modelling shift." Experts say.
Biochemistry: commercial application for promotion
Biological chemical industry is "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" during the key development areas. At the end of the meeting pointed out that "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" is expected to fuel ethanol production in China of 5 million tons/year, biodiesel production of 2 million tons/year.
Conference pointed out that part of the biological pesticide, feed antibacterial agent, organic acid industry has have a certain industrial scale and market share; Biodegradable plastics such as poly (lactic acid) (PLA) in reducing cost, improve the technology, to realize commercial production. In the field of biofuels, the current fuel ethanol production is 2.3 million tons/year, biodiesel production in 700000 ~ 800000 tons/year.
The next step, our country related department will through enhance the level of technology and economy, promote the biological base of new materials, biological base chemicals and large-scale commercial application of biofuels; To speed up the development of biomedical fuel to meet the rapidly expanding market demand.
Production services: encourage enterprises to "fission"
To cover a wider range of production services, including the third party logistics, inspection certification testing, e-commerce, service outsourcing, financing lease and other industries.
Conference pointed out that, during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in", our country should focus on the development of science and technology service, research and development, design, engineering contracting, information services, energy conservation and environmental protection services, financing lease and other modern production services related to petrochemical industry.
Specifically, China will encourage enterprises "fission" professional advantages, through business process reengineering, providing social in petrochemical industry, professional services; Guide enterprises to separate and outsourcing non-core business, and engineering projects, industrial design, product technology research and development, and the examination, diagnosis, process optimization process reengineering, skills training and so on service outsourcing work, integrated optimization of production service system, to the chain extension.
At the same time, China will promote a new generation of information technology and petrochemical production and business operation combined closely with the whole industry chain, enhance research and development design, construction, production control process involved in petrochemical production management efficiency.
Refining: effective control of oil refining capacity surplus
Oil refining capacity surplus, it is "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" during one of the biggest challenges facing petrochemical industry. Meeting released much starker choices-and graver consequences-in petrochemical industry development goals: by 2020, the national control the oil refining capacity 860 million tons, annual processing capacity of 600 million tons of crude oil.
China petroleum and chemical industry association statistics show that in 2015 China's total capacity over 750 million tons, at the end of the "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" will rise to 960 million tons. Even if the elimination capacity below 2 million tons/year of small oil refinery project, and stopped and delayed some new project, in 2020 China's refining capacity is at least 860 million tons. However, due to the promotion in the field of electricity, natural gas and other energy in transportation, oil consumption is expected to be 352 million tons in 2020, corresponding to only 600 million tons of crude oil processing capacity.
Furthermore, oil consumption structure will highlight "steam high wood low" development trend. According to the China petroleum institute of economic forecasting, in 2020 China's refined oil consumption Chai Qibi is 1.41, 0.72, lower than in 2015 for the Chinese oil refining device "is given priority to with diesel products".
Conference pointed out that during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" transformation of Chinese oil refining industry should take four measures to promote development.
One is to optimize the industrial layout, order to promote petrochemical industry base construction, perfect in China and Russia, China and kazakhstan, myanmar onshore oil import channels form a complete set of petrochemical project layout; Promote large refining and aromatics and olefins integration layout, in accordance with the "appropriate ene ene, appropriate fang fang" principle to optimize the product structure. Second, strict controls of refining capacity fast growth trend, strict oil refining project eia approval process, we should encourage strong enterprises form a complete set of perfect integration of refining capacity, improving the comprehensive level of resources; To speed up elimination under 2 million tons/year, product quality is not standard, environmental protection energy consumption substandard device. Third, optimize the structure of raw material, make full use of the refinery light resources, recycling and utilizing dry gas and liquefied petroleum gas, increase the proportion of light hydrocarbon in raw material; Appropriate development import propane propylene project, reasonable layout of p-xylene project. Fourth, promote the development of high-end products, and promote the product quality to upgrade and improve the product quality standard system.
Construction of coal chemical industry: to improve technology demonstration project
Since 2014, oil prices fell, coal chemical industry low cost advantage, no longer gradually exposed various problems of the industry.
Due to the local government and firms have been the development of modern coal chemical industry as an important goal, at present "on the coal will" blind development problem is very outstanding.
More troubling, coal chemical industry project planning around the serious product homogeneity of products focused on coal to olefin, coal oil, coal, natural gas and coal ethylene glycol. The continuous improvement of environmental standards and pressure to the development of coal chemical projects.
Conference pointed out that, during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in", our country should carry out the modern coal chemical engineering technology engineering and industrial upgrade, demonstration embodies in to in order to enhance gasification technology as the leading, develop the extension industry chain technology, comprehensive utilization of low rank coal and efficient technology, "three wastes" treatment technology and major equipment technology, and to build a batch of demonstration project.
On the project layout, our country will consider conditions of regional resources and environmental capacity as a whole, industrial foundation, focusing on oil alternatives and emergency guarantee ability, in the eastern Inner Mongolia the susceptibility and west road, ZhunDong and ili in xinjiang, northern shaanxi, ningxia east ningxia, anhui, huaibei regions such as the construction of large-scale coal chemical industry base of the project.
Will be in China during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" construction of a number of major demonstration project, including megaton demonstrative project of low rank coal points for classification, synthesis gas methanation completely complete technology demonstration project, megaton coal aromatics (methanol to aromatics) demonstration project, 20 - toluene methanol p-toluene range of low carbon olefins demonstration projects, and 30 tons methanol DMMn demonstration projects and other major demonstration project.
Predicts 2020, modern coal chemical industry in our country to realize scale development goals: the coal oil 10 million tons/year, 10 billion cubic meters per year of coal gas, coal to olefin 10 million tons to 15 million tons/year ethylene glycol 6 million tons/year, coal, coal aromatic hydrocarbons 1 million tons/year.
Future, in the technology to further improve, to further improve resource utilization and environmental protection level, our country should timely increase coal to olefin capacity, promote industrialization of coal glycol project and perfect the technology, and orderly development of coal, coal gas demonstration projects and to do a good job of technical reserves, promote coal aromatic engineering demonstration project construction.
Chemical new material: improve the contribution rate of the industry
The overall competitiveness is not strong, the rate is not high, is the present main problems of chemical new material industry in China. Meeting announced "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" chemical new materials development goals: in the field of chemical new materials it consumes more than 80% in general. Among them, the engineering plastics in domestic consumes more than 70%, high performance fiber rate up to 60%, its self-sufficiency rate of aramid fiber 100%, its self-sufficiency rate of high performance membrane material was 75%, and the electronic product rate of 66%.
According to the China petroleum and chemical industry federation, China chemical new material rate is 60%. 2014 chemical new materials for the global market share of the top three is the United States, Western Europe, Japan, accounted for 26%, 19.8% and 26% respectively, China ranked fourth, accounted for 15.6%; From chemical new materials in its contribution to the chemical industry, Japan, the United States and our country Taiwan area in the top three, contribution rate were 38.1%, 19.1% and 18.8%, ranked sixth in China mainland, accounted for only 5.1%.
Fine divisions, chloride silicone, polyurethane material rate is high, more than 90%; High-performance separation membrane materials, high performance fibers, engineering plastics, electronic chemicals, special rubber self-sufficiency in 40% ~ 70%, but in adiponitrile, epdm, and other areas of the high-end technology blank; High-end polyolefin resin blank areas have many technology, market share is not high.
Meeting proposed that during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" from four aspects to promote the development of new material industry.
One is to speed up the "blank" product of industrialization process, key polycarbonate, poly (aryl ether ether nitrile and other engineering plastics and metallocene polyethylene, metallocene polypropylene high-end research and development of polyolefin resin, such as work, positive and special development of halogenated butyl, hydrogenated nitrile rubber and new type thermoplastic elastomer.
The second is to reduce the production cost and improve the quality of existing varieties, the key breakthrough of T300, T700 carbon fiber, stabilization, large-scale production technology, low cost, improve polyformaldehyde, PET/PBT resin, PPS, nylon engineering plastics such as product quality.
Form a complete set of three is the key to eliminate upstream raw material supply bottlenecks, speed up the development of adiponitrile such as methanol, 1, 4 - cyclohexane 2 key supporting monomer and engineering plastics alloys, speed up, 1 octene - hexene - 1 high carbon alpha olefin copolymerization monomer research and development work, promote the industrialization of high-performance polyolefin.
Four is around downstream demand in key areas, the development of high-end special emphasis to speed up the development of water-based, solvent-free polyurethane resin, polyurethane adhesive, environmentally friendly polyurethane foaming agent, etc., man-made board and advance polyurethane products in popularization and application in the field of energy saving buildings.