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New round of oil and gas reform point to the full market

New round of oil and gas reform point to the full market

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
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  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
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New round of oil and gas reform point to the full market

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
  • Views:
Information
National Development and Reform Commission held a news conference was informed that the national development and Reform Commission, the national development and Reform Commission, the Energy Bureau of the overall plan for oil and gas system reform has been sent to the relevant departments, local governments, the relevant enterprises and industry associations to solicit opinions, and commissioned by the relevant units to assess the reform program. It is reported that the program is expected to debut at the end of this year. Plan is expected to relax the whole industry chain of oil and gas market access, the core content of the upstream release, pipe network separation and price mechanism reform. "45" period, the oil and gas industry in the downstream of the main links will be market-oriented reform, and ultimately the formation of a market-oriented pricing mechanism.
Han Xiaoping, Deputy Secretary General of the China Energy Research Association energy efficiency investment committee, said the new oil and gas reform program will be a great change in the oil and gas industry upstream and downstream, upstream areas of reform will become the core content of the oil and gas reform. Among them, the upper reaches of the reform is the main problem of mining right, one is the right of the oil, the two is the right of natural gas, and unconventional oil and gas. Before the mining rights mainly concentrated in the oil, Sinopec hands, such as oil, oil control the exploration area of 55%, Sinopec has 20%, China's CNOOC at sea. And the right of natural gas is more concentrated, the oil control of about 67%. However, these big companies are facing the shortage of capital investment, lack of innovation and other issues, coupled with the lack of competitiveness, resulting in increased oil dependence on external, now more than 60%, the external dependence of natural gas is also in the rapid rise in. Therefore, the next step is to make the interests of these mineral resources as far as possible to the market, so that more businesses are able to participate and share these interests.
Network separation means that the next three barrels of oil possession of the oil pipeline and gas pipeline network will be separated into independent oil and gas transportation company. This requires the transformation of the system, the oil, Sinopec two major companies from the vertical integration of management and guidance to the capital management. Han Xiaoping said that with the gradual release of the upstream and downstream, like the oil and gas pipeline, oil and gas terminals and other public facilities to open to third parties to achieve independent accounting, these are the key elements of the next oil and gas reform.
Hu Zucai, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said the price liberalization is an important part of the market reform. Recently, the State Council issued a number of opinions on promoting the reform of the price mechanism, clearly put forward, choose the release of refined oil pricing, liberalization of the energy sector in the field of competitive prices. The reform of natural gas prices will also change from the past government pricing "restrain intermediate, release two", according to an alternative energy price movements to establish linkage mechanism, by both sides of supply and demand determined.
JOYOU information crude oil analyst Gao Chengsha told the China Chemical News reporter, the finished oil market to be fully market-oriented, need to do a lot of preparatory work. First, the oil market has a certain monopoly, the upstream crude oil exploitation, the right to import crude oil and non - state crude oil trade are in the hands of two barrels of oil. Second, refinery processing capacity and sales distribution terminal link, two barrels of oil also occupy absolute advantage. In addition, crude oil imports and the use of the right to a certain loose, but the current policy is still difficult to produce a completely fair and equal competitive environment for the finished oil market. Therefore, the price change should be gradually deepened. Oil and gas pricing should wait until the enterprise access to release, import and export and circulation field qualification restrictions, the network gradually release after independence.
Jiang Mingyuan noted that the reform of oil and gas reform, accelerate the pace of market-oriented reforms, involving supply diversification, pipe network, trading center established and other supporting reform; two is enterprise reform, to promote the industry chain joint venture cooperation, promote enterprise asset securitization; three is the import and export reform, to gradually break the import monopoly, import and export rights to lower natural gas imports, encourage more private capital into; four is environmental protection, accelerate the upgrading of oil quality, focus on the development of natural gas energy.
Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for energy economics research at Xiamen University, told reporters that the reform is the fourth reform in the field of oil and gas since the reform and opening up in china. From the previous reform situation, the reform of the time span is more and more long, the reform content is also more and more in-depth. All along, the oil and gas industry upstream and pipe transmission link is three barrels of oil monopoly, and this reform will be to reach these links. Oil and gas exploration and development qualification conditions are expected to ease, to implement the bidding system, from the application of the prior to the competitive transfer, strict oil and gas exploration mechanism, the establishment of oil and gas reserves transfer system, to maximize the market competitiveness of private and other enterprises, so that the market price more reflect the market, so that better allocation of resources. At the same time, it has the right to import crude oil to the oil and gas blocks, and finally realize the complete independence and market of the oil and gas pipeline.
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