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China's crude oil imports lead the world or become normal

China's crude oil imports lead the world or become normal

  • Categories:Industry News
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  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
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China's crude oil imports lead the world or become normal

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
  • Views:
Information
In the first half of 2015, China's crude oil imports have been more than the United States to become the world's largest oil importer. Experts and industry insiders believe that, despite the fact that a single month beyond the occasional, difficult to talk about the trend, but China's crude oil imports in the long run or will become a reality. At present, oil prices have increased overseas production and low storage pace, but the current crude oil still rely on overseas and tighter environmental pressure, China's urgent to construct new energy strategy system security.
Crude oil imports or will face long-term pressure
2015 in the first half of April and June, China's crude oil imports exceeded the United States in a single month, lead the world.
"Can continue to go beyond the United States alone can not be determined, but the full year is likely to be a big probability event, or even long-term sustained." Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for energy economics research at Xiamen University, said that if the demand for crude oil is still high, and the continued support of the United States to reduce the dependence on the United States, which is likely to become a reality.
Crude oil imports have a certain background. The National Information Center, director of macro - room, cattle plow and other expert analysis, the current U.S. crude oil inventories are high, to a certain extent, limit the pace of its imports. And, from June 2014 to January 2015, the international crude oil prices have fallen more than 60%, after a slight rebound, China's recent use of this opportunity to increase the strategic reserve. At the same time, in the context of continued downturn in international demand, Saudi Arabia, Iran and other major export countries to increase the intensity of China's efforts to push up the recent crude oil imports.
Long-term focus on energy issues of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher Yang believes that the international oil price is very good bargain hunting opportunity and improve China's strategic oil reserve level is in need of such opportunities.
Most experts agree that China's long-term crude oil imports or will continue to be the highest in the world. NDRC Energy Research Institute researcher Zhou, China Energy Network chief information officer Han Xiaoping and other experts pointed out that the existing strategic reserves of crude oil is not enough, the energy consumption structure has not changed in the short term, coupled with the alternative energy is still not much, which led to the amount of crude oil is likely to continue to remain high.
Oil Policy Research Office Deputy Director Wang Zhen believes that in becoming a world leader of imported crude oil, China by the international attention will be more relevant decision on the international crude oil market impact will be greater. This is both a disadvantage, but also a strong strategic position.
In the face of the increasingly difficult domestic oil exploitation, some oil companies to look at the overseas, which gives our country to increase the supply of oil added a new way. In Tianjin, the exploration and Development Research Institute of petroleum exploration and development, the president Zhou Lihong said, after nearly 50 years of exploration and development potential of the oil field, the exploration and development potential will be more and more small, while the development of Niger oilfield is to create a new port in the oil field. At present, Dagang Oilfield in Niger development project involving 27000 square kilometers, the success rate in more than 85% wells. In the meantime, the exploration and implementation of the 3 tons of oil and 2 tons of oil reserves and 50000000 tons of reserves, the new reserves of more than tons.
Import surge caused by three major risks
It is based on a long-term bullish trend of crude oil imports, experts and industry insiders pointed out that the current three major risks are accumulating:
One is that China's crude oil imports rely on overseas trend and no fundamental change. At the beginning of 2015, the China Petroleum and Technical Research Institute released the "domestic and foreign oil and gas industry development report" pointed out that in 2015 China's oil demand is 5.34 tons, oil foreign dependence will exceed 60%. Lin Boqiang predicted that if the current trend is not fundamentally changed, China's oil foreign dependence will continue to upgrade.
Zhou earth, Yang Guang and so on, despite the fact that China has been trying to diversify its oil imports, but the reality is that the import is still mostly political and economic situation is not very stable in the Middle East, Africa region.
The two is the petrochemical energy consumption is still high, serious haze problems makes the environment increasingly tight pressure. Crude oil imports continue to increase the demand for oil, which will increase the pressure on the environment, especially the urban environment. One of the most realistic problem is that the city center is facing the haze pollution, automobile exhaust emissions is a very important factor.
"Our 'oil addiction' has always been a ring." Han Xiao Ping worries that China 2014 sold more than 23 million cars, the SUV is 410 million, over the same period, SUV sales in the United States is only 1.5 million vehicles and domestic fuel consumption of lengthened, increase the car more and more.
Three is the use of new energy forced mechanism is not perfect. The reason why the United States imports of crude oil steadily, and oil shale development use and energy use efficiency improvement has the very big relations. At present, the United States has a substantial decline in foreign dependence, the highest in the previous 68% fell to 45% last year.
Reporter visited the discovery, the electric generation of oil in the field of automobile promotion slow. Statistics from the Ministry of industry, according to the new energy vehicles to promote the application of the city (Group) reporting program, from 2013 to 2015 39 promotion and application of the city (Group) will be accumulated to promote new energy vehicles 336000. And from January 2013 to 2014 by the end of 9, the cumulative promotion of new energy vehicles only 38600, completed only 11.5%, of which 6 completed the progress of the city is zero.
Experts believe that at present, China's new energy is not enough to solve the problem of the car, the domestic car prices feel the pressure mainly from the purchase of more. At the same time, the development of domestic shale oil is still a long way to go.
Building energy security strategy system "along the way" to expand the new oil pipeline
Respondents pointed out, the urgent need to build a practical and available energy security strategy system, accelerate the breakthrough in low cost of new energy technologies.
In as soon as possible to improve the pool construction, low-cost storage for hunters, import market diversification, the way to construct the system of energy security strategy. Cow plow recommendations, in the face of international price should, to the extent possible, purchasing and storage, import market have diversified, and guarantee the stability and control of the source of crude oil in our country. In the international crude oil market as a whole, we should use the buyer's market position, improve the bargaining power of our country.
Two is to accelerate the development of new energy technologies, improve energy efficiency. Taking into account the development of shale oil in our country there are many need to break out of the place, it is difficult to meet the cost of commercial, should encourage more social capital and enterprises, especially private enterprises to explore new technologies and methods such as the development of shale oil, and not limited to a few state-owned large enterprises.
Han Xiaoping said, to improve the efficiency of the use of oil for China's long-term, more realistic. The hybrid vehicle fuel consumption of 100 kilometers to 3 liters, and conventional energy source automobile city fuel generally in more than 8 liters, if the promotion of hybrid electric vehicle will be a large sum of energy saving.
Three is through the "along the way" national strategic opportunities and Central Asia, the Middle East to strengthen communication, expand import channels. Lin Boqiang, Yang Guang, et al. Think, recently, Saudi Arabia, Iran to China's exports of crude oil, which has a positive attitude, which has a great relationship with the world crude oil market overall oversupply situation. China can use the "along the way" strategic opportunities, to enhance the level of cooperation. In the "along the way" strategy to gradually establish an onshore oil import channels, smooth diversification of channels to protect national energy security.
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