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The pace of China's crude oil strategic reserves

The pace of China's crude oil strategic reserves

  • Categories:Industry News
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  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
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The pace of China's crude oil strategic reserves

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-03-31 14:57
  • Views:
Information
Crude oil prices continued to slump for the strategic reserves of crude oil has created an excellent condition, China is accelerating the pace of crude oil strategic reserves.
According to the latest data show that the General Administration of customs, in June China's crude oil imports increased by 27% year on year to become the largest crude oil importing countries, the entire first half of China's imports of crude oil 1.6337 tons, an increase of 7.49%, while the amount of oil imports was 177090000000 yuan, an increase of 41.72%.
"At present, the domestic oil refinery is in the maintenance of the season, it is not possible to import crude oil for production; from the current economic data released, the Chinese economy has not yet stabilized, the demand for large increase in the probability is not. So at this time, a large number of crude oil imports increased, can only be used for national strategic reserves." , deputy researcher of the research center of the Ministry of Commerce of the Ministry of Commerce, said Tong Lixia.
National Bureau of Statistics announced last year for the first time the national oil reserve information display, the national oil reserves in the first phase of the project total reserve capacity of 16.4 million cubic meters, 1243 million tons of crude oil reserves, has completed the reserve. While two oil has not been completed.
High degree of external dependence
In recent years, the rapid rise in the degree of dependence on foreign oil, to the end of 60% has been approaching 2014. And external dependence is too high, for China's energy security has brought a hidden danger.
"China's oil strategy reserve is still low." Oil industry insiders told the China Times reporter, said the oil strategy reserve is an international practice, in the emergency response to prevent supply disruptions, national energy security and price impact is significant; for oil dependence has been close to 60%, and still showing a rising trend of the world's largest crude oil imports in China, the establishment of a multi-level oil reserve system, has a certain oil reserves is the top priority of energy security.
China Petroleum Group in 2014 released the report shows that as of the end of 141000000, China's strategic crude oil reserve capacity to reach 2013 barrels. According to China's 2013 oil consumption of 1390000 tons of static calculation, China's strategic crude oil reserves is only enough for 8.9 days, commercial crude oil reserves available for 13.8 days, the national crude oil reserves of a total of about 22.7 days.
Ministry of land and resources released data show that in 2014 China's crude oil production was 2.1 tons. According to customs statistics, China's crude oil imports in 2014 was 3.08 tons. 2014 apparent consumption of oil (in the year of production and net imports) was 5.18 tons, the external dependence of crude oil will reach 59.5%.
"This year and next year, China's crude oil imports more than the United States is inevitable." Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for energy economics research at Xiamen University, said China's dependence on foreign oil has increased, while the United States in the fall, thus at a certain point will certainly cross. Based on China's population base, is 4 times the United States, he is expected in 2015 China's oil foreign dependence will be more than 60%, 2035 will reach 80%.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) forecast that China's oil foreign dependence will reach 80% in 2040. At present, the establishment of strategic oil reserves has become China's most priority in reducing oil import dependence.
National strategic reserves and commercial reserves of oil are international practice. During the war in the Middle East in 1973, OPEC countries imposed oil embargo on the West. The United States, led by the developed countries in 1974 to set up the International Energy Agency, which requires Member States must have a certain oil reserves, which considers the safety standards should be the amount of oil to reach the previous year's 90 days of oil imports.
And China's current oil reserves announced only a period of 12430000 tons, the reporter rough estimate, this amount is only equivalent to the amount of imports last year, 14.6 days, but also far lower than the international standard of 90 days.
Chung Petrochemical network analyst Li Yan said that the "safety line", the International Energy Agency (IEA) provides strategic oil reserve capacity is equivalent to its 90 days of net imports of oil, and at present, China's strategic oil reserve project was to phase II and III between, even if the optimistic estimates only a in about 60 days of net imports of oil or 33 days of crude oil processing volume using the scale, from the internationally recognized "90 days standard" still is not a small gap.
Falling oil prices
The State Council issued in November last year, the energy development strategy action plan proposed to accelerate the construction of oil reserves. May 25th of this year, the national president Xi Jinping visited Zhoushan Zhejiang oil strategic reserves, stressed the need to engage in oil strategic reserves. Prior to February 10th, he chaired the ninth meeting of the central financial and economic leading group pointed out that the protection of energy security, accelerate the improvement of the oil strategic reserve system.
On the one hand is a strategic consideration, on the other hand is to usher in the opportunity to fall in oil prices. Since 2014, international crude oil prices from $120 / barrel fell to less than $50 / barrel, and then the oil price began to stabilize, hovering around $60.
"While the international crude oil prices, increasing imports at the right time." Suzhou Ze Fang New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. CEO section of the China Times reporter said that in the increase in crude oil reserves, China should be to adjust measures to local conditions to build crude oil reserve base, while increasing the size of the storage while reducing equipment investment. For example, the United States to choose a portion of salt caverns as crude oil reserves, the average barrel volume of salt caverns is $1.5, while the same volume of the ground on the oil tank cost 15-18.
"International crude oil prices and domestic crude oil production costs are high, should be more imports, reduce domestic production." Zhang Guobao, director of the national energy bureau.
Tong Lixia also believes that China's dependence on imported energy is still very high, and now the international crude oil prices are relatively low and the future will remain a long time to maintain a low level, which provides a good opportunity for China to increase oil reserves, China should seize this opportunity to make up for deficiencies.
National Bureau of Statistics announced last year for the first time the national oil reserve information display, the national oil reserves in the first phase of the project including Zhoushan, Zhenhai, Dalian, Huangdao, four national oil reserve base and reserves with a total capacity of 16.4 million cubic meters, 1243 million tons of crude oil reserves after four national petroleum reserve base has completed the reserve. And now in the two phase of the accumulation of reserves.
Qingdao the second phase of strategic oil reserve library began to lubricate, greatly boosted the demand, the oil tank scale reached 300 million cubic meters, about 19 million barrels of crude oil.
It is understood, the second phase of the project total about 1.68 billion barrels, location of eight, the tendency in close proximity to the refineries and inland, both coastal, but we can determine only in Dushanzi, Xinjiang, Lanzhou, Gansu, Guangdong Huizhou and Qingdao in several locations. The third phase project of larger, is expected to total about 2.32 billion barrels, Caofeidian, Chongqing and Hainan is the alternative, strategic reserves total capacity is expected to more than 5 million barrels.
"Is expected to be completed in the three period of 2020, the number of oil reserves in China can reach 83 days, close to the standards of developed countries." Li Yan said. Statistics show that China plans to build 500000000 barrels of oil reserves in 2020, while the U.S. strategic oil reserves remained at 727000000 barrels.
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